Finance Careers: A quick look at Investment banking career roles.
Investment Banking Careers
Investment Banking Careers takes a quick look at a range of Investment Banking careers in finance. Just a handy quick reference rather than a career guide.
|Roles||Focus||Profit Center||Prospects||Required Attributes|
|Proprietary Trading||Buying, selling financial securities for the banks account. Position include Fixed Income, Currencies, Commodities, Equities and Derivatives||Yes||Strong in up and down economies since you make money whenever volatility is high. Down in flat markets.||Analytical and market timing instincts and discipline. Understanding of chained effects of events across markets and appreciation of risk return trade off. Live as long as you don’t blow up your account and the bank with it.|
|Sales and Trading||Marketing and selling equities and debt on investment and corporate banking commitments. Also market making||Yes||Strong in up economy, down in recession but linked to profits and outlook||At the intersection of proprietary trading and investment banking. Lower end talent but high stress jobs driven by quotas and at some banks egos.|
|Private Client Services||Wealth and asset management for high networth individuals||Yes||Neutral but linked to performance and ability of unit to attract custodial funds||Relationship and network driven and is akin to a high end retail sales job.|
|Credit||Counterparty limits||No||Neutral but biased against a recession on account of operational costs||Quantitative and risk focus. Ability to understand credit drivers and their impact on bank’s counterparty exposures.|
|Prime Brokerage||Margin financing and third party administration services for financial counterparties primarily hedge funds||Yes||Linked to the health of the hedge fund industry||Independent business unit with marketing, service, trading and risk roles.|
|Investment Banking||Preparing pitch books, locking underwriting commitments, executing deals.||Yes||Strong in up economy, down in recession.||Sales role that on one hands requires generation of deal flow and on the other hand the ability to lock in underwriting commitments from investors. Relationship and network driven|
|Risk||Exposure management||No||Neutral||Hard core quantitative roles. Need to marry mathematics, economics, finance, probability, models and computer science.|
|Front Office||Client and transaction facing||Yes||Profits driven||Trading, relationship, service roles|
|Middle Office||Risk||No||Profits driven||Risk orientation but with an appreciation for the business point of view|
|Back Office||Accounting, confirmation and settlement||No||Profits driven||Accounting and settlement driven. Closer to operations rather than trading|
|Operations||Back office||No||Some sensitivity to a recession.||Keep the network running, hands on mindset|