Options (or Derivatives in general) are instruments whose payoffs depend on the movement of underlying assets. The value of the derivative instrument, therefore, can be evaluated by creating and valuing a portfolio of assets whose prices are easily observed in the market and whose cash flows replicate those of the options.

The methodologies used to price a derivative security may vary from closed form solutions such as the Black-Scholes option pricing formula, to numerical methods such as the binomial trees and Monte Carlo simulation.

Our Option pricing guides cover vanilla options, exotics, interest rate derivatives & cross currency swaps. We use Monte Carlo Simulation for exotics, Black Scholes for intuition, Binomial trees for American options & forward and zero curves for interest rate derivatives

- How to calculate the value of a forward contract in Excel
- How to calculate the forward price of a security in Excel
- How to determine Spot Rates and Forward Rates & Yield to Maturity
- How to calculate the values of Forward Rate Agreements (FRA) and Forward Exchange Rates
- Simulation Models – Pricing Ladder Options using Monte Carlo Simulations
- Pricing Exotic Options using Monte Carlo Simulations
- Understanding delta hedging for options

- Derivatives Crash Course for Dummies
- Derivative Pricing, Risk Management, Financial Engineering – Equation Reference
- Options pricing with Binomial trees in Excel spreadsheets
- Pricing Interest Rate Swaps – The valuation and MTM course
- Interest Rate Options – Pricing Caps and Floors
- Computational Finance: Building Monte Carlo (MC) Simulators in Excel
- Monte Carlo Simulation – How to reference
- Convergence and Variance Reduction procedures for option pricing models
- War on Greeks. The weekend Option pricing challenge
- Selling derivative products to treasury customers
- The Option Pricing models 5 nights crash course
- Option Pricing course guide for dummies

# Recent Posts

- Twitter threads on Startups, rebooting and founders.
- Seven finance lessons for founders
- Remembering John Whitney
- Revenue models for content startups
- Value driven pricing models for products.
- A pricing guide for founders
- Pakistan Technology Industry Survey 2019
- Unit economics for startups
- Products vs Services startups?
- Historic Yield Curves and US Recession

# Premium Courses:

**PDF & EXCEL**

**Online**

- Derivatives Terminology Crash Course
- Derivative Products
- Derivative Products – Package
- Derivative Pricing – Binomial Trees EXCEL Example
- Derivative Pricing – Binomial Trees – Efficient Approach
- Forward Prices, Forward Rates and Forward Rate Agreements (FRA) – EXCEL Example
- Forward Prices and Forward Rates – Calculation reference & detailed examples
- Forward Prices, Spot Rates & Forward Rates, Yield-to-Maturity, Forward Rate Agreements (FRA), Forward Contracts and Forward Exchange Rates
- Monte Carlo Simulation – Equity – Example
- Monte Carlo Simulation – Commodity – Example
- Monte Carlo Simulation – Currency – Example
- Monte Carlo Simulation – Package
- Monte Carlo Simulator with Historical Returns
- Pricing IRS – Module I – Term Structures
- Pricing IRS – Module I – Term Structures EXCEL Example
- Pricing IRS – Module II – IRS and CCS
- Pricing IRS – Module II – IRS and CCS EXCEL Example
- Pricing Interest Rate Options – Module III
- Pricing Interest Rate Options – Module III EXCEL Example
- Pricing Ladder Options using a Monte Carlo Simulator
- Pricing Interest Rate Swaps and Interest Rate Options – Package
- Valuing Options – Black Scholes Example
- Valuing Options – Binomial Tree – Traditional Approach – EXCEL Example